In order to achieve major improvements on performance, the athlete must be most of the time on his limits. Being to “fresh”, means that the athlete is not working hard enough. Feeling too tired, means that the body will not allow further exercise without adequate recovery.
Exercise regimes are designed in cycles in order to increase stress and then to give time for the body to develop the essential adaptations during rest period. However, this process is far more complicated that it sounds and involves neuromuscular pathways, physiological changes, psychological adjustments and hormonal imbalances. In order to achieve the perfect balance, which will give you the idea when to push, and when to give some rest someone needs to take in account all these parameters, if not weekly at least monthly.
The balance between overtraining and performance improvement lies between a fine line. The role of an exercise physiologist (or sports medicine professional) is not only to provide numbers but to identify with every cost this fine line and advice the rest of the technical and medical team with practical solutions.
This is the way to achieve the “supercompensation” which is a process that we need to maintain for several training cycles in order to secure that the final point on the graph of performance, would be significantly higher from the starting point initially.
This process involves:
sports specific questionnaires,
reaction tests, physiology tests,
urine and blood markers analysis,
and daily monitoring of the football players by the technical staff of the team.