Thalia Panagi | Psychology
Goal Setting is a huge topic, which is practical in nature. Goal Setting is used across numerous contexts and anyone can set a goal for any aspect of life.
Goal setting helps us improve an athlete’s motivation and commitment, stay focused on what to accomplish. It is also very helpful on assessing our strengths and weaknesses, as well as tracks our performance and improvement.
Every successful manager or athlete or achiever set goals.
What is a goal?
How we set SMARTER goals?
What is a Goal?
‘A goal is a target or a specific standard or accomplishment that one strives to attain’ (Locke and Latham 2006; 2002).
Goals are proposed to influence performance in 4 distinct ways:
- Increasing focus and directs attention on a task
- Mobilising effort
- Enhancing persistence
- Developing new learning strategy
How we set goals?
You must set short term, intermediate, and long term goals.
Process (How we do something), Performance and Outcome Goals (What we do)
More specifically, process goals are focused on improving specific behaviours, exhibited throughout a performance (e.g. skill technique), whilst performance goals are focused on the Specification of the performance (e.g. skill achievement). Finally, outcome goals are focused upon outcome of an event (e.g. winning).
For example a football player can set the following goals:
Outcome- Winning the game
Performance- Making accurate and successful passes
Process- food placement on the ball, spin on release
In order to have an efficient goal setting, our goals should be SMARTER.
What I mean?
Your goals must be:
- Achievable/attainable/assignable/action oriented/agreed
Try to follow the following Goal Setting Principles:
- Set specific goals
- Use a mix of process, performance, & outcome goals
- Set practice and competition goals
- Record goals
- Provide evaluation and feedback
- Develop goal achievement strategy
- Set moderately difficult but realistic goals
- Consider the participant’s personality and motivation
- Foster goal commitment
- Provide goal support
- Set long and short term goals
- Which is the perfect long-term goal for you, if all goes well by your potential?
- What is your dream goal for this season?
- What is the realistic goal for this year, based on your capabilities?
- What is your goal for this month? Where are you going to focus more?
- What is your goal for today? Where are you going to focus more, in which area?
Concentrate on the first step. Write down the first step you are going to follow.
Is the Goal SMARTER?
What is the Strategy you are going to follow?
- “Write your goals down.
- “Pick long term, medium term and short term goals to create stepping stones to take you from where you are, to where you want be, in gradual steps.
- “Don’t constantly think too far ahead – just approach each session one at a time. Don’t worry about how far away from your dream or goal you are.”
- “Commit yourself to your plan. You won’t see results immediately but a big part of it is being mentally committed to the process. Be prepared for the fact it won’t be easy.”
- “Have a way to measure your performance objectively. Chart your progress so you can be honest with yourself, leaving no room for interpretation. This is the only way to truly analyse your progression, so you can see if you’re improving or if the plan’s not working.”
"Dreams are free. Goals have a cost. Time, effort, sacrifice, and sweat. How will you pay for your goals?"